- Published: Thursday, 30 May 2013 10:56
- Written by Ben David T Quirk
German Cars Das Auto
When you think of a German car, the majority of people think of cutting edge automotive technology recently symbolised by the concept of a 500 BHP Audi R8 V12 Diesel and a Veyron with quad turbo-chargers and around 1000 BHP, and yes we do know Bugatti is originally Italian.
However it's not all mental super cars.
Germany has always been a pioneer as far as car design and production has been concerned. The first examples being Mercedes's Karl Benz, BMW's Karl Friedrich Rapp and later in 1948 Porsche's Ferdinand Porsche who with the help of Adolf Hitler came up with the VW Beetle design, Porsche now owns 51% of Volkswagen, part of the VAG group.
German motor cars have always been associated with certain key principles:-
Well built, strong & reliable
Cutting edge technology e.g. 100BHP per litre & quattro
Inspired design flair
Luxury, drive & performance
Forward thinking design & production
Quality at a cost
Deutsche car models incorporate technology with iconic design, combining performance, luxury and looks makes for a classy auto, that everyone wants to drive and be seen in.
e.g. Mk1 Golf and Mk2 Golf and VW Camper still don't look out of place 30 - 40 years on.
Deutsche performance motor cars such as the likes of the Porsche 911 Carrrera demonstrate iconic design agressive styling unsurpassed power and enhanced drivability.
Racing 911 Turbo on M42
Porsche itself is a status symbol and reflects success, generally driven by people who can afford it and like the feel of driving a real sports car.
Green Porsche on M42
The Mercedes has always been seen a luxury car from the S-Class through to the AMG CL. However at the beginning the Deutsche luxury car makers pioneered some of the most groud breaking cars ever for example in 1938 the W125 a 12 cylinder capable of reaching 268.9 mph was designed, yet this 1930's Super car is hardly what you would class as famous.
A new Mercedes S Class in Chiswick, London
Audi & Volkswagen
These manufacturers have tried their hands at all types of vehicles from Jeeps to Rally Cars even campers as well R4 racing cars. They pioneered a commercial version of Jensen's all wheel drive system, namely quattro and fitted it to both VW's and Audi models. This technology sent Audi to the World Rally Championship podium in first position.
Audi TT at Leeds Harewood Festival
Mk1 Golf at Leeds Harewood Festival
Karl Friedrich Rapp car company has demonstated many fine autos including the BMW M1 a racing car that never made it, due to unforseen circumstances, but the car still symbolise's everything Beemer stand for and has recently redesigned the supercar as an M1 homage, however the M1 concept car will never go in to production. We think it would be cool to see the car on the road the perfect rival to the Audi R8.
The company responsible for racing these motors have also produced and designed many great road cars including the M3 and Z1.
- Published: Thursday, 30 May 2013 10:44
- Written by Ben David T Quirk
1948 to present day
During the war Ferdinand Porsche AKA Ferry and a select few of his proven employees had started development on the 356 in their workshops and he decided to move to Gmünd in Kärnten.
The first of these designs was completed on 17 July 1947, however on June 8th 1948 the Kärnten state government issued a special permit homologating the motor car. After returning from prison, Professor Dr.-Ing.h.c., Ferry's father, stated "every single bolt was just right".
No 1 was then followed by 52 additional cars built in Gmünd, production in Stuttgart took over from 1950 - 1965 subsequently amounting to 78,000 units of the 356 model Porsche No 1 - This was a mid-engined roadster, completed and homologated in Gmünd. The engine was 1131 cc & produced 35 bhp. The first few of the new 356 coupes were made of light alloy.
1948: The first Porsche 356 cabriolets were manufactured
1950: Production of all cars in took place Stuttgart, Germany.
1951: Introduction of the 1300 & 1500, the 1500 became the car of choice.
1952: The introduction of the much acclaimed 1500 S.
1953: The introduction of the 1300 S.
1954: This year marked the production of the first 200 Porsche Speedsters.
1955: Production of the 356 A series starts the proven 1300 and 1300 S power units soon joined by the 1600, 1600 S and 1500 GS - the first Carrera a 1.5 with 4 overhead cams, a symbol of the new porsche sports engine range - 1100cc engines dropped from the range.
1958: The 356 model was given an extra 10 horses 110 bhp, A 1500 GS Carrera GT. The Speedster was replaced by the Convertible D. 1300cc engines dropped from range.
1957: 1500GS de Luxe model launched.
1959: Porsche Carrera 1600 GS-GT, uprated to 1.6 115 bhp. The 356 B series is introduced, the Convertible D renamed the Roadster.
1970 - The search for ultimate Power
1971: September, 6 cylinder engine developed for the Porsche 911, 2341 cc and introducing a new power and performance range the T, 911 E & S. 916 sports cars running a powerful six cylinder 2.3 Litre capable of producing 190 bhp. Race models released the 914/8 models with an 8-cylinder racing engine already built 2 yrs previously (2997 cc, 260 bhp & 300 bhp/221 kW).
A 914 is given to Professor Ferry Porsche 260-bhp version for his 60th birthday.
1972: The Porsche 911 Carrera RS 2.7 and the 2.8 Carrera RSR released. 914 receives extra power 1971 cc, 100 bhp.
1973: Following the plant shut-down in summer the new range reveals significant modifications in body design, Release of Porsche Carrera RS 3.0 Sport, a 2994 cc, 230 bhp engine. The RSR 3.0 2994 cc, 330 bhp with a larger rear wing & widened wheel arches with air intakes. Within the 914 series uprate dfrom 1.7 to 1.8 litre version.
1974: In autumn the first Porsche Turbo code-named the 930 then came, the code-named 935 in the years to follow, with maximum output up to 850 bhp.
The Porsche 935 - 850 BHP
1975: The Carrera 3.0 dropped after plant shut-down summer. Last 914 range receive a two-liter power unit, with lower compression 95 bhp. Autumn the 912 E (USA only) featuring a VW engine jins lineup.
1976: Porsche's new entry-level 924, the 1st water-cooled engine fitted up front - running an Audi engine 1984 cc, 125bhp. The introduction of bodyshell hot-galvanizing on both sides extending the life of all models.
1977: The 928 launched late autumn a top model seen as the successor to the 911 utilising V8 power using American dimensions 4474 cc, 240 bhp. The 911 now known as "Porsche 911 SC".
1978: The 928 1st and only sports car in world history to be voted Car of the year.
1979: The 924 remains Porsche's best seller.
1980 - Onwards and upwards
1980: The 924 Carrera GT 210 bhp given greater power than the 911 (204 bhp)
1981: The 924 Turbo now features a 177 bhp engine. Frankfurt Motor Show the concept Turbo Cabriolet four-wheel drive.
1982: The Porsche 944 based on the 924 with wider wheel arches and 4 cylinder engine introduced, a clear effect on sales of the car, which start to go down for the first time.
1983: After 20 years another status car, the Porsche 911 SC Cabriolet becomes a best seller right from the start.
1984 & 1985: The 928 S becomes even more powerful, all 911 Carrera models are now also available in a Turbo look. The status of Porsche success points up, the 924 and 944 remain best-selling models.
1986: A four valve 928 S4 enters the market. The Porsche 911 Turbo now available as Targa Top and Cabriolet models.
1987: No significant changes or releases.
1988: The new generation Porsche 911 Carrera 4 four-wheel drive. The 964 series is available first as a coupé, running a six-cylinder Boxster engine. The 944 S2 is available as both a coupé and cabriolet, the Turbo version receives an all-new five-speed gearbox.
1989: The Porsche 911 Turbo is dropped from the range, production ceasing in autumn 1989. Tip tronic released over parts of the range.
1990 - A new breed of performance
1990: The new Porsche 911 Turbo released September sporting a 3299 cc, 320 bhp.
1991: The 968 based on the 928 replaces the classic 944. The 8-cylinder power unit of the Porsche 928 featured in the GTS 5397cc, 350 bhp, 911 Carrera RS competition boosted in power to 260 bhp.
1992: The 911 Turbo comes with a 3600 cc, 360 bhp. The 968 released as a two seater with Clubsport trim with less features and a lower price.
1993: Porsche presents modified 911 code-named the 993. The car featured a more streamlined body, new multi-link rear axle and either a 6 speed manual gearbox or 4 speed Tiptronic and a 3600 cc, 272 bhp water cooled engine. The new 993 built as a Carrera coupé featuring rear-wheel drive.
1994: The new Carrera 4 enters production A 911 featuring an extra-light chassis, a larger rear spoiler and engine increase 3746 cc, 300 bhp production starts on a 993 Cabriolet.
1995: The new 911 T with its 3.6 litre engine running at 408 bhp released. GT2 Turbo given rear wheel drive and 430 bhp. 911 Carrera receives 285 bhp, New Targa with a sliding glass roof enters the market.
1996: Boxster released 1996 Paris Motor Show
1997: New Porsche 911 model released running a 3387 cc, 300 bhp. Carrera 4S, Targa and 911 Turbo remain unchanged until March 1998.
1998: The new 911 Cabriolet released March.
(End of an era Ferdinand Porsche, passes away)
2000: New versions of the most famous version released.